Some of the Issues We Can Help You Win
(Anywhere in the USA)

Air Pollution & Sprawl


Aquatic Resource Protection



Environmental Justice

Environmental Site Design

Equitable Solutions

ESP: Exposed Soil = Pollution

Fire & Rural Growth


Golf Courses

Growth Management & Land Use Plans

Historic Resource Threats

Transfer Stations, Incinerators, Recycling, Composting, Sewage Sludge & Other Waste Facilities

Land Preservation

Light Trespass

Making Pollution Laws Work




Politically Oriented Advocacy

Property Value

Schools & Growth

Smart Legal Strategies

Special Exceptions & Conditional Uses


Transmission Lines

Vehicle Repair Facilities

Watershed Audit

Zoning & Rezoning


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Golf Courses & Water Quality

While golf courses provide many important benefits, the potential also exists for degradation of ground and surface waters.  Fortunately, a number of recent advances make it possible to design and operate a golf course with little aquatic resource impact.  However, because these advances are not universally incorporated into the design of every new course, one should not assume that proposed fairways, greens, and tees will be benign.  Particular care is needed when new golf courses are proposed near uniquely sensitive aquatic resources such as sole-source aquifers, shallow wells, headwater streams, threatened-endangered species habitat, wetlands, lakes, and other vulnerable waters.

The advances in design can also be used to reduce the impact of existing golf courses.  For example, by replanting fairways and greens with hardier grass species application rates of fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation water can be cut by a one-half to two-thirds yet still provide a quality playing surface.  There are even organic (pesticide-free) golf courses.

In recent years there has been a trend towards converting golf courses to other land uses, such as housing, offices, or other commercial projects.  If a course is more than two- or three-decades old then there is a possibility residues of highly-toxic and very persistent pesticides remain.  The residues may be sufficiently high to be of concern if the soils are eroded into nearby waterways during the construction phase or if children play on greens converted to residential lawns.  Fortunately, soil testing can determine if there is cause for concern on a particular course and, if so, then techniques are available for resolving the concern.

To learn more about how CEDS can help you with concerns about an existing or proposed golf course contact us at 410-654-3021 or  The following CEDS publications provide further information on the issues presented above.

Protecting the Aquatic Environment from the Effects of Golf Courses

Golf Courses & the Aquatic Environment Factsheet

Effects of the Meeting House Golf Club upon Edgartown Great Pond

CEDS exists solely to help citizens win land development and environmental issues. Because of this specialization, we can pull together a top-notch team of leading experts to quickly analyze your situation and develop the easiest, least expensive strategy for success. Our strategies employ an aggressive approach on multiple fronts: legal, technical, and political. Because of this unique approach our clients win 75% of their cases vs. the much lower success rate typical of more conventional campaign strategies. And our victories come at a fraction of the cost.

Our approach to winning land use and environmental cases is described in a 300-page book which can be downloaded free by clicking on the following title: How To Win Land Development Issues: A Citizens Guide To Preserving & Enhancing Quality of Life in Developing Areas.


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